Speech Sound/Phonological Awareness
Articulation is the process by which sounds, syllables, and words are formed when your tongue, jaw, teeth, lips, and palate alter the air stream coming from the vocal folds. Articulation skills describe how clearly a child produces specific speech sounds in isolation, syllables, words, phrases, and sentences.
Speech production is the system of individual sounds that are produced to create words. It is a complex motor skill that requires coordination of breathing, voicing, and rapid sequences movements of the oral mechanism.
"LEARNING TO SPEAK INTELLIGIBLY INVOLVES MUCH MORE THAN ACQUIRING THE ABILITY TO CONTROL THE ARTICULATORS!"
Elaine Pagel Paden
Phonological Awareness is awareness of the sound structure of spoken words, including phonemic awareness - words are made up of individual sounds (phonemes), syllable awareness - words can be segmented into syllables, and rhyming - two or more words that have the same, or similar, ending sound.
"Most children with highly unintelligible speech have phonological awareness deficiencies and experience difficulties acquiring literacy." Barbara Williams Hodson, PhD